The Village Museum, founded by the sociologist Dimitrie Gusti in 1936, is one of the first and most valuable ethnographic museums in the world. It is the second outdoors ethnographic museum in the world, after the one in Stockholm.
Spreading on 30 hectares and counting over 70 houses, 99 annexes and churches. Each building is a museum in miniature, being endowed with traditional objects, from towels and cookers to watermills and windmills or oil presses.
The houses and churches represent all the regions of the country in various periods of the Romanian people’s culture, as the museum is trying to recompose, in a generous natural frame, the intimate atmosphere of each dwelling. Around each house one can see the barns, the stables and the other outbuildings, the wood, cane or air-dried brick fences, the modest or imposing gates.
Ten households have been brought from Moldavia, among which the house from Straja dating since 1760. The Lipova household, dating since 1898, and the fishery, both from Jurilovca cannot remain unnoticed. The popular architecture of Muntenia is illustrated, among others, by the beautiful household of Chiojdu, built of boulder stones and having a gazebo made of carved pillars. The hovels of Draghiceni and Castranova, which are archaic dwellings, were brought from Oltenia. Also, the house of Salciua (from Motilor Country) was brought from Transylvania, which is singularized by the enormous straw roof. Visitors can also admire inside the Museum the windmill of Dobrogea or the pottery workshop of Horezu.